Who is God?

“God wants to be known by you, and you can know as much about Him as you have the appetite and desire to know.” ― Louie Giglio

As we help you start building your foundation as a follower, disciple and student of Jesus, wouldn’t you think it’s highly critical to actually know Him? After all, you’re trusting Him with your life and future! Until you come to grips with who God is, let it sink deep in your heart, mind, and soul, you will flounder in your commitment. There is no rushing the process of internalizing what you believe about the One you proclaim to believe in. At the end of this article we’ve suggested some Biblically-aligned resources that may help you solidify your beliefs.

(By the way, once you have a thorough understanding of God, the next critical thing to understand is yourself! The next article will help you with just that. It’s entitled “Who am I?”)

First, from the Bible itself we find a frankly hard-to-grasp concept about the nature of God: His mysterious three-in-one nature, known as the Trinity. The trinitarian nature of God is:

God the Father,
God the Son, and
God the Holy Spirit.

The three sections below provide an excellent view of each of the three Persons of the Trinitarian nature of God. What you’ll learn here will be critical in the future steps you’ll take. Each section provides distinct qualities of the three persons of God found throughout Scripture, along with the book, chapter and verse in which they are found. If you’re serious about this important step, get out your own Bible now and look up these references, one by one. This will help you practice navigating the Bible, the foundation of your life with Jesus.

Note: We can’t take credit for these sections. They are being shared in their entirety from Calvary Christian Fellowship Church in Tucson, Arizona under the leadership of Pastor Scott Richards.

Who is God?

What does the Bible teach about God? God is our perfect, eternal, holy, loving Father. “‘To whom then will you liken Me, or to whom shall I be equal?’ says the Holy One.” Isaiah 40:25 The Bible makes no attempt to prove the existence of God, rather it assumes that fact as the basis of all reality (Genesis 1:1). The existence of God can be confirmed by the unavoidable marks of intelligent design in nature (Psalm 19:1-6), the internal hunger for purpose and meaning in all people (Ecclesiastes 3:11), the supernatural quality of the Bible (Isaiah 46:8-10), and the historical reality of the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ (John 1:14). The Bible declares that there is one God (Deuteronomy 6:5), who exists in three persons (Matthew 28:19). The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are all equal in nature as God, yet separate in personality (Luke 3:21-22). The Bible tells us that God is completely unique (Isaiah 46:9). He is sovereign (Revelation 15:3-5), all powerful (Luke 1:37), all knowing (Isaiah 40:28), eternal (Psalm 90:2), and unchanging (James 1:17). God is also described as holy (Revelation 4:8), completely just (Psalm 37:28), the absolute source and embodiment of truth (1 John 1:5) and unconditional love (1 John 4:7-8). He is the Creator and Sustainer of all things, and all things exist for him and His glory (Romans 11:33-36).

Who is Jesus Christ?

Who is Jesus Christ? Jesus Christ is fully God and fully man. “In the beginning was the Word; and the Word was with God, and the Word was God… And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.” John 1:114 Jesus’ identity as God is demonstrated in His eternal existence (Micah 5:2). He claimed oneness with the Father (John 10:30-33), worthiness of worship (John 5:23), to be the giver of life (John 5:21) and the ultimate judge of all mankind (John 5:22). God the Father refers to Jesus as God (Hebrews 1:8-9). The Bible also tells us Jesus is the Creator and Sustainer of all things (Colossians 1:16-17). Jesus validated these claims by doing things that only God could do. He forgave sin (Mark 2:10), lived a perfect, sinless life (1 Peter 2:21-22), demonstrated omniscience (John 1:48) and dominion over all creation (Luke 8:22-25), and bodily rose from the dead (John 20:26-29). While Jesus Christ is fully God, to save us He left heavenly glory and took on human nature at His birth (Philippians 2:5-11). He did not cease to be God, but voluntarily laid aside the independent exercise of His attributes as God. His humanity is seen in that He possesses a human body (Galatians 4:4), that He manifested human needs such as hunger (Matthew 4:2), thirst (John 19:28) and the need for rest (John 4:6). He experienced human emotions such as compassion (Matthew 9:36), sorrow (John 11:35), and temptation (Hebrews 4:15). Because He is fully human, Jesus could be our substitute, dying on the cross for our sins (1 Peter 2:24). Because He is fully God He offered Himself as a sinless sacrifice of eternal value to pay the penalty due us for our sins (2 Corinthians 5:21).

Who is the Holy Spirit?

Who is the Holy Spirit? The Holy Spirit is a person, and He is God. “The Spirit of God has made me, and the breath of the Almighty gives me life.” Job 33:4 Unlike an impersonal power of influence, the Holy Spirit has intelligence (1 Corinthians 2:10-11), feelings (Ephesians 4:30), and a will (1 Corinthians 12:11). As a person, He can be lied to (Acts 5:3), insulted (Hebrews 10:29), and even grieved (Ephesians 4:30). The Holy Spirit is God, as demonstrated in His role in creation (Genesis 1:2). He is all knowing (1 Corinthians 2:12), present everywhere (Psalm 139:7), and all powerful (Psalm 104:30). He is also the One who revealed truth to the writers of the Bible (2 Peter 1:21). The Holy Spirit is actively involved in the life of a child of God. It is He who shows us our need to be saved (John 16:7-11). He indwells us at the moment of salvation (Romans 8:9). He provides the power to be witnesses for Christ (Acts 1:8). He leads us into all truth (John 16:13), gives us assurance in our relationship with God (Romans 8:16), and prays passionately for us (Romans 8:26-27). He also bestows upon each believer spiritual gifts for the benefit of all (1 Corinthians 12:4-11).

An additional note on the Holy Spirit as the Spirit of Christ:
“…under the New Covenant the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of God and the Spirit of the man Jesus Christ. In the Old Testament the Holy Spirit was given to few, because mankind was sinful and God was holy. In the New Testament the Holy Spirit as the Spirit of Christ, is available to all, because Christ is the mediator between [a Holy] God and [sinful] man... The Holy Spirit and the Spirit of Christ being the same Spirit, confirms that Christ is God and equal to the status of the Father and the Holy Spirit.” – taken from talkjesus.com.

Key takeaways:
1. Because God is the source and designer of all life, it’s critical for every follower of Christ to have his or her own deep and Scriptural knowledge of Him.

2. We must be grounded in faith by thoughtful study of the ample Biblical evidence addressing the attributes and qualities of the three persons of the Trinity.

< Savior. Teacher.Who am I? >

Header photo by Cristina Gottardi

Are you having a hard time believing in this triune God who is the Creator of all things? He is a massive concept that quite frankly is beyond our own human capacity to completely understand. Here are some recommended scripturally-supported books that address the reality of God, His design and creation of all things, as well as books that address the authenticity of Scripture and the reality of the life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ (which is the Cornerstone of the Christian faith). Click on any of the book covers to learn more and/or purchase. A separate window will open.

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